пятница, 19 октября 2012 г.

Школьный тур олимпиады по английскому языку 10-11 классы

Read the following passage.
 For Questions 1-7, choose the answer (A, B, C or D ) which  you think fits best according to the text.

Many folk cures  which have been around for centuries may be more therapeutic than previously suspected. A case in point is that of penicillin. Alexander Fleming did not just randomly choose cheese molds to study when he discovered this very important bacteria-killing substance. Moldy cheese was frequently given to patients as a remedy for illness at one time. Fleming just isolated what was about the cheese which cured the patients.
In parts of South America, a powder obtained from grinding sugar cane is used for healing infections in wounds and ulcers. This usage may date back to  pre-Colombian times. Experiments carried out on several hundred patients indicate that ordinary sugar in high concentrations is lethal to bacteria. Its suction effect eliminates dead cells, and it generates a glasslike layer which protects the wound and ensures healing.
Another example of folk medicine which scientists are investigating is that of Arab fishermen who rub their wounds with a venomous catfish to quicken healing. This catfish excretes a gellike slime which scientists have found to contain  antibiotics, a coagulant that helps close injured blood vessels, anti-inflammatory agents, and a chemical that directs production of a gluelike material that aids healing.
It is hoped that by documenting these folk remedies and experimenting to see if results are indeed beneficial, an analysis of the substances can be made, and synthetic substances can be developed for human consumption.

1.        This passage is mainly about
A using folk medicines in place of modern medicines.
B antibiotics in the field of medicine.
C the validity of folk remedies and their use for advances in modern medicine.
D isolating antibiotics in cheese, sugar, and slime.

2.        It can be inferred from the passage that Alexander Fleming
A discovered moldy cheese.
B isolated infectious patients.
C suspected medical properties of mold.
D enjoyed eating cheese.

3.        According to the passage,
A bacteria feed on sugar.
B sugar kills unhealthy cells.
C glass is formed from sugar.
D sugar promotes healing.

4.        The gellike substance which promotes healing comes from
A catfish bodies.
B Arab fishermen.
C coagulants.
D catfish venom.

5.  Which one of the following is NOT an important quality of the catfish slime?
A It prohibits inflammation.
B It fights bacteria.
C It stops bleeding.
D It produces mold.

6. According to the passage, why is it important to study folk medicine?
A to document cultural  heritages
B to perpetuate superstitions
C to experiment with synthetic substances
D to advance modern medical practices

7. In what way are cheese molds, sugar, and catfish slime similar?
A They cause blood clots.
B They fight bacteria.
C They heal wounds.
D They eliminate dead cells.

2.1. For questions 1–15, read the text below and decide which answers A, B, C or D best fits each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).
The love 0) ..A.. between the Americans and their cars has been going on for decades, but new 1) ... shows that they might be getting too much of a good thing. It 2) ... that the dream of freedom and independence, which the car represents, is 3) ... into a nightmare for people there.
The problem is caused by urban sprawl, which is the uncontrolled
4) ... of cities. Low-density housing is being built on the 5) ... of urban areas, and is swallowing up farmland and forests. As a(n) 6) ..., people in America must drive five times farther than Europeans on a daily 7) ...
Another problem is that public transport in US mega-cities is not popular. In fact, only 3 % use public transport to get to work, as 8) ... with 25 % of Europeans and up to 67 % of Asians. 9) ... the wasted hours spent commuting , the fumes 10) ... by unnecessary car level is seriously 11) ... air quality in American cities. There is a solution, 12) ... . Redeveloping city centres to allow more people to live in them, close to where they work, would go a long 13) ... towards solving the problem. Such a 14) ... change would be expensive, but a major change to city planning is certainly 15) ... if Americans are to “get off the streets” and find the time to enjoy their wealth.
A affair
B relation
C relationship
D connection
A investigation
B examination
C research
D study
A seems
B looks
C thinks
D presents
A becoming
B getting
C converting
D turning
A evolution
B growth
C increase
D extension
A cliffs
B edges
C ends
D tips
A conclusion
B outcome
C result
D effect
A principle
B ground
C base
D basis
A compared
B contrasted
C differed
D opposed
A apart
B besides
C except
D despite
A composed
B built
C developed
D produced
A worsening
B fading
C shortening
D weakening
A although
B even
C however
D still
A distance
B way
C length
D extent
A forceful
B insignificant
C drastic
D harsh
A necessary
B enquired
C inquired
D demanded
2.2.  For Questions 1-9, read the text and then write the correct form of the word in CAPITALS to complete the gaps.
Example: 0 __clearly__
Stephen Murray was (0) …  going through a difficult
 (1) … .  He had never managed
to gain the (2)  of his teachers at school.
He ignored repeated (3) …  to change his attitude or be expelled.
He was widely considered to be an (4) …  pupil
who was wasting his (5) … by misbehaving in class.
His parents received regular (6) … about their son but in spite
of their own experience of Stephen rebellious (7)… , it was
their (8) … that the school was as much
to blame as Stephen was for the (9) … that arose from time to time.

For Questions 1-10, give Russian equivalents to:
1.        Cinderella
2.        The Mediterranean sea
3.        The Faceted Palace (in Moscow)
4.        The North Pole
5.        The Strait of Dover
6.        Lebanon
7.        The Cape Verde Islands
8.        Munich
9.        Carthage (an ancient city)
10.    The Hague

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