среда, 17 октября 2012 г.

Школьный тур олимпиады по английскому языку 8 класс

1. READING
Read the following passage. For Questions 1-5, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which  you think fits best according to the text.
A recent investigation by scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey shows that strange animal behavior might help predict future earthquakes. Investigators found such occurrences in a ten-kilometer radius of the epicenter of a fairly recent earthquake. Some birds screeched and flew about widely; dogs yelped and ran around uncontrollably.
Scientists believe that animals can perceive these environmental changes as early as several days before the mishap.
In 1976 after observing animal behavior, the Chinese were able to predict a devastating earthquake. Although hundreds of thousands of people were killed, the government was able to evacuate millions of other people and thus keep the death toll at a lower level.


1. What prediction may be made by observing animal behavior?
A an impending earthquake
B the number of people who will die
C the ten-kilometer radius of the epicenter
D environmental changes 

2. Why can animals perceive these changes when humans can not?
A Animals are smarter than humans.
B Animals have certain instincts that humans don’t possess.
C By running around the house, they can feel the vibrations.
D Humans don’t know where to look.

3. Which of the following is NOT true?
A Some animals may be able to sense an approaching earthquake.
B By observing animal behavior scientists perhaps can predict earthquakes.
C The Chinese have successfully predicted an earthquake and saved many lives.
D All birds and dogs in a ten-kilometer radius of the epicenter went wild before the earthquake.

4. In this passage, the word evacuate most nearly means
A remove
B exile
C destroy
D emaciate

5. If scientists can accurately predict earthquakes, there will be
A fewer animals going crazy
B a lower death rate
C fewer people evacuated
D fewer environmental changes
  
2. USE OF ENGLISH

2.1. Read the text below and choose the correct word for each space. For each question, mark the letter next to the correct word - А, В, С or D - on your answer sheet.
ENGLISH AROUND THE WORLD
English is the first language of (0)..............people in countries outside the United Kingdom.
When you (1)..............speakers of English from around the world, you (2)..............notice
that they do not all speak in the same way. There are also some (3)..............in the words
they use, including the names of (4)..............objects that are part of everyone's daily life.
But although pronunciation and (5)..............are not the same everywhere, it is interesting
that English speakers (6)..............opposite sides of the world can understand (7)..............
other quite easily. It does not seem to (8)..............where they learnt the language. And of
course this is one reason why speakers of other languages are keen (9)..............learning
English too. If you know English, you are more (10)..............to be able to study or work in all
orts of exciting places, such as the United States or Australia.

1
A    recognize
В    meet
С   find
D    attend
2
A    originally
В    strangely
С    curiously
D    immediately
3
A    mistakes
В    corrections
С    changes
D    differences
4
A    common
В    popular
С    favourite
D    general
5
A    reading
В    composition
С   dictation
D   vocabulary
6
A   of
В    in
С   from
D    at
7
A    each
В    one
С    the
D    some
8
A    mind
В    care
С    matter
D    worry
9
A    by
В    on
С   to
D   for
10
A    likely
В   probably
С    possibly
D   luckily

2.2. For questions 1 – 5, read the text and then write the correct form of the word in CAPITALS to complete the gaps.
Example: 0 __beautifully__

SPEAKING ENGLISH WELL
I have a Dutch friend who speaks English (0)... . I have
always wondered how the Dutch manage to learn languages so (1) … .
The Dutch, like the Germans, often speak English (2) …
than some native speakers or at least they seem
to speak the language more  (3) …
than some English people. If you want to speak English  (4) …
with a reasonable accent, you should listen to tapes as  frequently as possible.
There are no magic solutions but you  (5) …
have to work hard at the new language.

BEAUTY
SUCCESS
WELL

CORRECT
FLUENCY

SIMPLICITY


3. CULTURAL AWARENESS
For Questions 1-8, give Russian equivalents to:

1.      Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
2.      Warsaw
3.      The Cathedral of  St. Basil the Blessed (in Moscow)
4.      The Thames
5.      The South Pole
6.      Westminster Abbey
7.      Cyprus
8.      The Amazon

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